Gold Punjabi Goliya
Origin: India (most likely Punjab)
Date: 19th century
Materials: Wootz, Steel, Gold, Wood and cotton
A nice gold overlaid goliya from Punjab, 19th century.
THIS EXAMPLEThe tulwar hilt style and design points to this particular sword being form the Punjab region. There are three indicators of this: The fat vase shape of the grip section, the slightly forward angle of the quillons and the floral style of gold koftgari. The remaining gold koftgari is consistent throughout the the hilt. The pommel features a floral design at its base along with rounded pommel spike, often used for striking .
The blade is of a shamshir type, which refers to a Persian or Iranian sword with a radical curve. The name is derived from the shamshīr, which means “lion’s claw or lions tale” in the Persian language – pointing towards the curve of the blade. In Punjab, Shamshirs were called ‘Goliya’ - referring to its circular nature. These types of blades are normally used for slashing unarmored opponents either on foot or mounted; while the tip could be used for thrusting. This example features deep curvature, and is very well made, with a smooth surface and ground to percision.
The blade is in immaculate condition with signs of deliberate heat treatment used by the maker to harden the blade - blades of this quality are very hard to come across. There is no signs of damage to the blade, making this a sought after example. The hilt is of good proportions with no loose parts or cracks. The gold koftgari work is approx. 60% in tact.